What do I substitute for
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Ever been in the middle of a recipe and found out you were missing an ingredient you thought you had?

Well, below is a chart that might help with possible substitutions for everyday ingredients.

Ingredient Amount R
Allspice 1 tsp. 1/2 t. cinnamon + 1/2 t. ground cloves
Apple Pie Spice 1 tsp. 1/2 t. cinnamon, 1/4 t. nutmeg, 1/8 t. allspice, 1/8 t. cardamom.
Arrowroot powder 1 tsp 1 T flour or 1 1/2 t. cornstarch
Baking Powder 1 tsp. 1/3 t. baking soda +1/2 t. cream of tartar.
Beau Monde seasoning 1 tsp. 1 tsp. seasoned salt or 1/2 tsp. salt
Biscuit Mix 1 cup Mix together 1 c flour, 1 1/2 t. baking powder, 1/2 t. salt, & 3 T shortening til crumbly.
Broth 1 cup 1 t. bouillon or broth powder plus 1 cup boiling water
Bouillon 1 cube 1 t. bouillon or broth powder
Brown Sugar 1 cup 1 cup granulated sugar + 2 T molasses 
or sorghum 
or dark corn syrup.
Butter 1 cup 1 cup +2 T. margarine
Buttermilk 1 cup 1 cup thick sour cream, or 1 cup yogurt
 or 1 cup milk + 1T. lemon juice
or 4 T buttermilk powder +1 c. water blended.
Cake Flour 1 cup Replace 2 T of flour with 2 T cornstarch when using all-purpose flour or use 1 cup Pastry flour 
Chili Sauce 1 cup 1 c tomato sauce, 1/4 c brown sugar, 2 T vinegar, 1/4 t cinnamon, dash of ground cloves and allspice.
Chives, fresh chopped 1 cup 1 t. dried chives
or 2 tsp finely chopped green onion tops
Chocolate 1 oz square 3 T cocoa + 1 T butter 
or 3 T. carob powder + 1 T. butter
  6 oz pkg semisweet chips, melted 6 T cocoa powder 
or carob powder +1/2 c sugar+1/4 c shortening. Or 2 (1oz) squares
  4 oz bar sweet cooking chocolate 3 T cocoa or carob powder, 4 1/2 T sugar + 3 T shortening.
Confectioners sugar 1 cup 1 c granulated sugar plus 1 T cornstarch processed together in food processor until powdery.
Corn Syrup 1 cup 1 c granulated sugar + 1/4 c liquid cooked til thickened
 or 1 c tapioca syrup
 or 1 c brown rice syrup 
 or 1 c. white rice syrup
Cornstarch 1 T 1 1/2 -2 T flour, 
or 4 t. minute tapioca,
or 1 T clear jel 
or 1 T arrowroot powder
Cream 1 cup 3/4 c. milk +1/4 c butter 
or 1 c evaporated milk.
Cream cheese   Skim milk ricotta cheese or low fat cottage cheese beaten until smooth.
Cream of tartar 1/2 t 1 1/2 t vinegar or lemon juice
Dill 3 heads 1 T dill seed or weed
Eggs 1 whole egg 2 egg yolks + 1 T water 
or 1 T dried egg powder +2 T. water
 or 1 1/2 t Ener-G Egg Replacer + 1 T water.
  1 egg white 1 T dried egg white powder + 2 T water
Flour, all purpose 1 cup 1 c. pastry flour plus 2 T
          pastry 1 cup 1 c. all purpose minus 2 T
          self rising  1 cup 1 c all purpose plus 1 t. baking powder plus 1/2 t salt
Garlic 1 clove garlic 1/8 t. garlic powder 
or 1/4 t. garlic salt (reduce salt in recipe by 1/8 t.)
Ginger 1/8 tsp 1 T candied ginger rinsed in water to remove sugar finely ground or 1/2 t raw ginger
Herbs, fresh 1 T 1 t. dried herbs
Honey 1 cup 1 c granulated sugar + 1/4 c. liquid;
or 1 c corn syrup; 
or 1 c. sorghum 
or 1 c. rice syrup
or 1 c. tapioca syrup
Horseradish 1 T fresh 2 T prepared or 1 t. dried ground
Gelatin, flavored 1-3 oz package 1 T. unflavored gelatin and 2 c. fruit juice
Lemon 1 t. grated peel 1/2 t lemon extract
  juice of 1 lemon 2-3 T lemon juice
  rind of 1 lemon 2-3 t. grated rind
Mayonnaise 1 cup used in dressing 1 c sour cream
or 1 c yogurt
or 1 c cottage cheese pureed in blender
Milk 1 c whole milk 1/2 c evaporated milk + 1/ c water;
 1/3 c nonfat dry milk + 3/4 c water + 2 T fat.
Milk, Sweetened condensed 1 can Heat together 1/2c +2 T evaporated milk, 1 c sugar, 3 T butter
or combine 1c +2T dry milk powder with 1/2 c water, mix well then add 3/4 c sugar and stir until smooth.
Mint 1/4 c chopped fresh 1 T dried
Mushrooms 8 oz fresh 1 - 6 oz can 
or 1/4 c  dried +1/2 c warm water
Mustard 1 T prepared 1 t. ground yellow mustard
Onion 1 medium 2 T minced dried 
or 1 t onion powder 
or 2 t onion salt (reduce salt in recipe by 1 t.)
Orange juice of 1 orange 1/3-1/2 cup juice
  rind of 1 orange 2-3 T grated orange rind
Parsley 1 Tbsp fresh 1 t. dried
Peppers, green bell 3 T fresh 1 T dried
              red bell 3 T fresh 1 T dried
or 2 T pimientos chopped
Pumpkin pie spice 1 tsp 1/2 t cinnamon, 1/4 t. ginger, 1/8 t. allspice, 1/8 t. nutmeg.
Powdered sugar 1 1/3 cup Combine 1 c granulated sugar + 1 T cornstarch in blender and process til powdery
Rennet 1 Tablet 1 Tbsp liquid rennet
Shortening 1 cup 1 c. margarine,
 3/4 c chicken fat,
 7/8 c. butter, 
7/8 c oil,
 7/8 c lard,
 3/4 c. bacon fat.
Sour cream 1 cup for baking 7/8 c  thick sour milk + 3 T margarine 
or 1/4 c sour cream powder + 1 c water.
  1 cup for cooking 1 c. plain yogurt,
 or 1 c cottage cheese creamed in blender with 1 T lemon juice; 
or 1 T. lemon juice and evaporated milk to make 1 c. 
or 1 c. cool whip plus 1/4 t. lemon extract
 or 1/2 c milk + 2 T mayonnaise 
or 1/4 c sour cream powder + 1 c. water.
Stuffing 8 oz commercial stuffing mix 4 1/2 c. home-made seasoned croutons
  11 oz bag commercial stuffing mix 10 c. home made seasoned croutons
Sugar 1 c 1 c. honey or 1 c. corn syrup 
or 1 c molasses 
or 1 c. sorghum (reduce liquid in recipe by 1/4 c.)
Tapioca 2 T 3 T flour
Tartar sauce 1/2 c 6 T mayonnaise + 2 T sweet pickle relish + 1 T lemon juice
Tomato catsup  1 cup 1 c. tomato sauce + 1/4 c sugar +2 T vinegar
Tomato juice 1 cup 1/2 c. tomato sauce + 1/2 c water
Tomato paste 1 T. 1 T catsup
Tomato puree 1 c 2 T tomato paste + water 
or tomato juice to make 1 cup
Tomato sauce  2 c 1 c tomato puree 
or 2 t catsup+ tomato juice to make 1 c.
Tomatoes canned 1 cup 1 1/3 c cut up fresh tomatoes simmered 10 min
Vanilla bean 1 inch piece 1 tsp flavoring
Vinegar 1 T 1 T lemon juice
Whipping Cream 1 c unwhipped 1 envelope whipped topping mix;
 or chill 2/3 c evaporated milk, bowl and beaters  and whip; 
or 2 cups Cool whip.
Worcestershire sauce 1t 1 t bottled steak sauce
Yeast Cake 1 - 2oz cake 3 packages of dry yeast 
or 3 T. yeast
Yeast, dry 1 envelope 1 Tablespoon
Yogurt 1 cup 1 cup thick sour milk or buttermilk

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